culture jimmy

A form of détournement proposed by Dr Jim Nielson in which signage and other public media put out by mainstream dominant culture are modified to use the slick or seductive or publicly prominent platform to send more progressive or disruptive “public service messages.” Dr Nielson explains how this idea came to him: I attended a Read More …

YouTube Poop

A video or video/audio mashup that combines different source material, often in an attempt to be intentionally annoying and usually in a mood that is more or less parodic, satirical or surreal. The intentions and effects of appropriation as practiced in poops is a matter of controversy – or sometiems indifference – among practitioners, fans, Read More …

Fan movies vs fan edits vs fan vids

The three most common forms of fan-created video can be distinguished as fan movies, fan edits, and fan vids. Fan movies are videos in which fans recreate scenes from movies they are fans of, whether in live action, animation, or stop-motion animation with franchise toys. Fan edits (or fanedits) are versions of films that have Read More …

meme

I’m tentatively including memes under the modes and genres of creative appropriation because I adopt Limor Shifman’s definition of a meme in her very lucid and penetrating book, Memes in Digital Culture (2013). Virals vs memes vs image macros Shifman proposes that we use the term viral for “a single cultural unit (such as a video, Read More …

photomontage

The process and the result of making a composite photograph by cutting, gluing, rearranging and overlapping two or more photographs into a new image. (Wikipedia) The process was occasionally used in advertising in the late 19th century and for novelty postcards that were popular with the Victorians (many of which were proto-surrealist). People often had Read More …

riddim

In Jamaican music – particularly dancehall – it is a common practice for a producer to create a basic rhythm track (bass and percussion) and to then solicit a variety of artists to create songs over it. The track is called a riddim. This is a sort of “invitational appropriation,” in which sometimes dozens or Read More …

dub

Dub is a brand of musical creation that originated in Jamaica around 1970. Many people credit King Tubby, the most famous early dub artist, with having created the “remix” in his dub versions of songs he and others produced for the Reggae market. Dub arises out of the popularity of “versions” in Jamaica in the Read More …

transcription

In the classical period of Western music the only generally legitimate ways a composer would appropriate another composer’s music would be to write variations on that composer’s theme or to “transcribe” their work for different instrumentation. For instance, the popular composer Franz Liszt (1811-1886) transcribed countless orchestral and other works by fellow composers. He recreated Read More …